Commonly used phrases in conversation

Hi guys,today we're going to learn how to use certain phrasal verbs in common daily conversations,as we often use phrasal verbs in our daily conversations.

What is a phrasal verb?

A phrasal verb is a verb that consists of two parts :
The first part is always a short verb,like: give,go,come,get, etc.
The second part is a preposition,like : in,on,up,down,at, etc.

Now each phrasal verb usually has a non-phrasal synonym.
 Example : 
- You can give up smoking
- You can quit smoking

- You can fill in the table
- You can complete the table

So really,in terms of speaking,you don't need phrasal verbs to express yourself,However,as native speakers use them quite a lot in, their daily conversations,you need to be familiar with them.
The best way to learn these phrasal verbs is in context,in conversations,in dialogues,you shouldn't waste your time in memorising phrasal verbs from list.

Phrasal verbs in daily dialogues :
Here is some few points I'd like to mention to you about phrasal verbs.
You should know that some phrasal verbs have to different meanings :

 Example : 
take up = begin a new activity (I took up horse riding last year)

take up it also means : accept an offer or invitation (He took up the job offer)

let's look at the phrasal verb Turn down
turn down one meaning is reduce volume (please turn down the music)

turn down second meaning is reject (she turned down my marriage proposal)

turn up = increase volume (please turn up the music)

turn up = appear (She turned up at the wedding without invitation)

To be continued...
9:49 PM - By Admin

Common Errors in English Usage in tenses present and present perfect "Continuous"

Hi,guys!this is the second article from my series lessons about Tenses in English,In last post we thought about the differences between present simple (I do) and present continuous (I am doing),you can see this post by checking out the link below :
Present simple and present continuous ( common mistakes )

Now,we will discuss the differences between present continuous (I am doing) and present perfect continuous (I have been doing).

Differences between present simple and present continuous :
Formulation :
Present continuous :
As you remember from the last post,we need the verb 'To be' in the present tense,and the main verb + Ing form.

- I am playing Baseball
- You playing Baseball
- He/She is playing
- We are playing
- You are playing
- They are playing

Present perfect continuous

Now we need the verb 'To be' in the present perfect tense.
- I have been playing Baseball
- You have been playing Baseball
- He/She has been playing
- We have been playing
- You have been playing
- They have been playing

Present continuous,the verb 'To be' in the present tense + the main verb with 'ing form ',Presnet perfect continuous the verb 'To be' in the present perfect tense + the main verb with ing.
Let's move on usage now.

Usage :
When do we you use the present continuous ?

You should remember from the last article that the present continuous is for an action in progress.
Example :
1- I'm talking to you.

2- You're listening to me.(at the moment)

3- It's raining.

When do we you use the present perfect continuous ?

Present perfect continuous refers to an action that started in the past and is still in progress.
 So,If I tell you how long I've been listening to you ? I need to use the present perfect continuous.

1.1- I've been talking to you for 8 minutes.

We can also use the word 'since' to show when the action actually started.

2.2- I've been listening to you since 10:20.

If we say : How long you've been listening to me? we switch to the present perfect continuous.

2.3- You've been listening to me for few minutes.

3.3 - It has been raining all morning. (started this morning)

3.4 - It has been raining since I wake up. (started when i wake up)

Now let's look at some timeline might help you :
Present perfect :


Present perfect continuous :


The action started in the past,if you say when exactly when it started we use the word 'since',if you say how long it's been going on we use the word 'for' that's clearly differentiate between present continuous and present perfect continuous.
Note :
With the present perfect, the action is complete; with the present perfect continuous, the action began in the past but has not yet been completed.

Common mistakes :
The most common mistake is to use the present continuous instead of the present perfect continuous.
Example :

You're likely to say or to hear 
- I'm working here for three years. (mistake)
If you say how long? you need to change it to present perfect continuous.
- I have been working here for three years.

You may often say or hear :
- I study English for five months.(mistake)
and now you know you can say this,because you saying how long,you need to use the present perfect continuous.
- I have been studying English for five months.

- We are waiting since 4 o'clock.(mistake)
What should you say correct ?
- We have been waiting since 4 o'clock.

And finally I hope you find this post helpful.
9:47 PM - By Admin 1

Present perfect continuous and present perfect (Lesson)

Hi everyone,I come back with you after last our lesson which was about Present Continuous and Present Perfect Continuous,In this post I'm going to help you understand the differences between Present Perfect Continuous ( I Have been doing ) and Present Perfect Simple ( I have done ).

Let's look at the formulation of the two tenses :
Formulation :
Present Perfect Continuous
- I have been playing football
- You have been playing football
- He/She has been playing
- We have been playing
- You have been playing
- They have been playing
So,the verb to be conjugated in the present perfect and the main verb with the ing.
Present Perfect
It's just the verb have and participle,easy:
- I have played football
- You have played
- He/She has played
- We have played
- They have played

Let's look at usage now.
Usage :
Present Perfect Continuous
Action that started in the past and still in progress.
For example :
I've been working all morning.( you started this morning and you still working)
I've been doing the homework since 10:00.(you started at 11:00 and you still doing the homework)
He has been driving for six hours.(he still driving)

Now,let's look at some examples of the present perfect,and how that different from the once you just looked.
Present Perfect
So the present perfect refers to completed action,an action that is complete at time of speaking it's not going on anymore.
Action complete at the time of speaking :
I've studied 3 sections until now.
I've already done halfe of the exercises.
He has driven 600 kilometres so far.

Reminder : So far is a synonym of until now

Let's look at timelines now to make it perfectly clear for you what the differences between the two tenses are.
Timeline for present perfect continuous :
 Timeline for present perfect :
 

That's all what we have now,don't forget next article it will be about the important thing Which help you to more understand the two Tenses Present Perfect Continuous and Present Perfect,The next post it will be about the common mistakes soon.
( Present Perfect Continuous and Present Perfect common mistakes ... Available )
6:50 AM - By Admin 0

Phrasal verbs exercises with answers for teachers and students

These are some exercises on phrasal verbs which can help you to practice what you learn from phrasal verbs lesson.
Phrasal verbs exercise 1 :

1       
Put each of the following phrasal verbs in its correct place in the sentences below.
get down               bring up                      take down                   call off
try out                  bring up                      put up                         see off

a)      Don’t worry about the journey to the airport.  I’m coming to­­­­­___________ you ___________.
b)      The other car didn’t stop after the accident but luckily I was able to ___________ its number.
c)      The car’s in quite good condition but you can___________ it___________ before you make any decision to buy.
d)      Would you like to___________ any other matters before the meeting closes?
e)      Stop worrying about it.  Don’t let this failure___________   you___________.
f)       I’m afraid we’ll have to___________ the meeting___________.  Alice and john can’t come.
g)      Her parents died when she was eight and her uncle decided to___________ her ___________ himself.

h)      I’ve got a spare room, so I can___________ you___________ if you’re ever here again.

Phrasal verbs answers key 1/1:
1 Put each of the following phrasal verbs in its correct place in thesentences below.
(a) Don't worry about the journey to the airport. I'm coming to see
you off
(b) The other car didn't stop after the accident but luckily I was able to
take down its number.
(c) The car's in quite good condition but you can try it out
before you make any decision to buy.
(d) Would you like to bring up any other matters before the meeting
closes?
(e) Stop worrying about it. Don't let this failure get you down.
(f) I'm afraid we'll have to call the meeting off. Alice and John
can't come.
(g) Her parents died when she was eight and her uncle decided to bring
her up himself.
(h) I've got a spare room, so l can put you up if you're ever
here again.

Exercise 2  Instructions as above.

run down              bear out                      make up                      let down
rule out                 put  forward               put  off                                    leave out

a)      I’m depending on you to pay me back the money on Monday.  Please don’t ___________ me___________.
b)      To cover his absence he decided to___________ a completely false story about being involved in a car accident.
c)      If you think I’m wrong, check in the encyclopaedia. I’m sure it will___________ me___________.
d)      Because of pressure of work, he had to___________ his summer holiday until October.
e)      We want to give younger players a chance in the team.  That’s why we’ve decided to___________ you___________ of next Saturday’s match.
f)       They’re very two-faced.  They’re very nice to  her  when she’s  there,  but  they  ___________  her___________  behind her back.
g)      I’d like to___________ a proposal.  I suggest we start production in May.
h)      The government  intend  to  take  very serious  measures  against  this interference  in  their country’s affairs. They do not___________ the possibility of military action.

2/2 - Answers  Instructions as above.

     (a) lm depending on you to pay me back the money on Monday.
     Please don't let me down
     (b) To cover his absence he decided to make up a completely false story
     about being involved in a car accident.
     (c) lf you think I 'm wrong, check in the encyclopaedia I'm sure it will bear me out
     (d) Because of pressure of work, he had to put off his summer holiday
     until October.
     (e) we want to give younger prayers a chance in the team. That's whv
     we've decided to leave you out of next saturday's match.
     (f) They're very two-faced They're very nice to her when she's there,
     but they run her down behind her back.
    (g) l'd like to put forward a proposal. I suggest we start production in May.
    (h) The government Intend to take very serious measures against this
    interference in their country's affairs .They do not rule out the
    possibility of military action.
4:40 AM - By Admin 1

Past Simple in English grammar

We use the past simple to talk about actions and states which we see as completed in the past.

  • We can use it to talk about a specific point in time.
  • She came back last Friday.
  • I saw her in the street.
  • They didn't agree to the deal.

It can also be used to talk about a period of time.
  • She lived in Tokyo for seven years.
  • They were in London from Monday to Thursday of last week.
  • When I was living in New York, I went to all the art exhibitions I could.

You will often find the past simple used with time expressions such as these:
  • Yesterday
  • three weeks ago
  • last year
  • in 2002
  • from March to June
  • for a long time
  • for 6 weeks
  • in the 1980s
  • in the last century
  • in the past
5:49 AM - By Admin 0

Present Simple or Continuous in English grammar

We use the Present Simple
  • for regular actions or events 
  • I watch TV most evenings.
  • facts 
  • The sun rises in the east
  • facts know about the future 
  • The plane leaves at 5.00 in the morning.
  • thoughts and feelings about the time of speaking
  • I don't understand.

We use the Present Continuous
  • at the time of speaking ('now')
  • I'm watching a movie on TV.
  • things which are true at the moment but not always
  • I'm looking for a new job.
  • present plans for the future
  • I'm taking my husband to New York for his birthday.

Look at these sentences:
  • I usually don't drink coffee but I'm having one this morning because there is nothing else.
  • I often drive to work but I'm taking the train this morning because my car is in for repair.
  • I'm thinking about dying my hair blonde but I don't think my wife will be very happy about it.
  • My parents live in New York but I'm just visiting.

Notice how in all these examples we use the present continuous to talk about events which are temporary/limited in time and the present simple to talk about events which are habits/permanent.
5:46 AM - By Admin 0

Present Simple in English grammar

The present simple is used to talk about actions we see as long term or permanent. It is very common and very important.

In these examples, we are talking about regular actions or events.
  • I drive to work every day.
  • She doesn't come very often.
  • The games usually start at 8.00 in the evening.
  • What do you usually have for breakfast?

In these examples, we are talking about facts.
  • Water freezes at 0° C or 32° F.
  • I have three children.
  • What does this word mean?
  • I don't have any of my original teeth left.

In these examples, we are talking about future facts, usually found in a timetable or a chart.
  • The plane leaves at 5.00 tomorrow morning.
  • Christmas Day falls on a Sunday this year.
  • Ramadan doesn't begin for another 2 weeks.
  • Does the class begin this week or next?

In these examples, we are talking about our thoughts and feelings at the time of speaking. Notice that, although these feelings can be short-term, we use the present simple and not the present continuous.
  • I think you are wrong.
  • She doesn't want to do it.
  • They don't agree with us.
  • Do you understand what I am trying to say.
5:44 AM - By Admin 0

Present Continuous in English

The present continuous is used to talk about present situations which we see as short-term or temporary . We use the present simple to talk about present situations which we see as long-term or permanent.

In these examples, the action is taking place at the time of speaking.
  • It's raining.
  • Who is Kate talking to on the phone?
  • Look, somebody is trying to steal that man's wallet.
  • I'm not looking. My eyes are closed tightly.

In these examples, the action is true at the present time but we don't think it will be true in the long term.
  • I'm looking for a new apartment.
  • He's thinking about leaving his job.
  • They're considering making an appeal against the judgment.
  • Are you getting enough sleep?

In these examples, the action is at a definite point in the future and it has already been arranged.
  • I'm meeting her at 6.30.
  • They aren't arriving until Tuesday.
  • We are having a special dinner at a top restaurant for all the senior managers.
  • Isn't he coming to the dinner?
5:42 AM - By Admin

Cardinal Numbers or counting numbers in English

A Cardinal Number is a number that says how many of something there are, such as one, two, three, four, five,A Cardinal Number answers the question "How Many?", also known as "counting numbers," because they show quantity.

Whole Numbers also known as Cardinal Numbers - used for counting
Symbol Word Pronounce It
0 Nought 0
1 One 1
2 Two 2
3 Three 3
4 Four 4
5 Five 5
6 Six 6
7 Seven 7
8 Eight 8
9 Nine 9
10 Ten 10
More numbers
11        Eleven                             11
12          Twelve                            12
13        Thirteen                            13
14        Fourteen                            14
15        Fifteen                            15
16        Sixteen                            16
17        Seventeen                            17
18        Eighteen                            18
19        Nineteen                            19
20        Twenty                            20
21        Twenty-one ...                            21
30        Thirty                            30
40       Forty                            40
50       Fifty                            50
60       Sixty                            60
70       Seventy                            70
80       Eighty                            80
90      Ninety                            90
100      One hundred                          100
101     One hundred and one ...                          101
102     One thousand                       1,000
1,000,000     One million                 1,000,000
1,000,000,000,000     One billion   1,000,000,000,000   
7:24 AM - By Admin

Ordinal Numbers in English - used for ranking

Ordinal numbers are used to express rank or position - in other words, ordinal numbers are used for ordering, in contrast to cordinal numbers which are used for counting.

In figures In words Pronounce It
1st the first 1st
2nd the second 2nd
3rd the third 3rd
4th the fourth 4th
5th the fifth 5th
6th the sixth 6th
7th the seventh 7th
8th the eighth 8th
9th the ninth 9th
10th the tenth 10th
11th the eleventh 11th
12th the twelfth 12th
13th the thirteenth 13th
14th the fourteenth 14th
15th the fifteenth 15th
16th the sixteenth 16th
17th the seventeenth 17th
18th the eighteenth 18th
19th the nineteenth 19th
20th the twentieth 20th
21st the twenty-first ...
22nd the twenty-second ...
23rd the twenty-third ...
24th the twenty-fourth ...
25th the twenty-fifth ...
26th the twenty-sixth ...
27th the twenty-seventh ...
28th the twenty-eighth ...
29th the twenty-ninth ...
30th the thirtieth 30th
40th the fortieth 40th
50th the fiftieth 50th
60th the sixtieth 60th
70th the seventieth 70th
80th the eightieth 80th
90th the ninetieth 90th
100th the hundredth 100th
101st the hundred and first ...
1000th the thousandth 1000th

4:46 AM - By Admin

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